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SEC Nigeria Regulates Cryptocurrencies And Digital Assets, Issues a New Statement

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sec Nigeria to regulate cryptocurrencies

Nigeria is known to be one of the top countries engaging in cryptocurrency activities. The buzz around crypto has been a long haul and due for regulation and finally, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) in Nigeria has released regulatory guidelines for digital currencies and crypto-backed companies and calls it Digital Assets and Securities.

The goal according to Nigeria’s capital market and investment regulator is to protect investors and create standards for ethical practices around digital assets.

The statement which was released on SEC Nigeria website on the 11th of September, 2020 defined Crypto Assets as “a digital representation of value that can be digitally traded and function as (1) a medium of exchange; and /or (2) a unit of account; and/or (3) a store of value, but does not have a legal tender status in any jurisdiction.”

For the statement released, the Commission will regulate all Digital Assets Token Offerings (DATO), Initial Coin Offerings (ICOs), Security Tokens and other Blockchain-based offers within Nigeria by Nigerian issuers or by foreign issuers targeting Nigerian investors into their project.

To make this possible, SEC will be taking a three-pronged approach to regulating innovation in the crypto sector; these are: 

  1. Safety. 
  2. Market deepening.
  3. Providing solutions to problems.

Who Is The SEC Nigeria Cryptocurrency regulation Goin To Affect?

According to SEC Nigeria, crypto issuers or sponsors will be required to register their digital assets with the Commission.

Firstly, they are to make an initial assessment filing with SEC to prove that the assets they issue are securities. Then, there will be a filing for registration proper.

Those that have already issued digital assets or engaged in ICOs, maybe IEOs too will be given three months to comply with the stated registration requirements with the commission..

Consequently, every individual or corporate organization that engages in any aspect of Blockchain-related and digital asset services must register with the SEC and follow its regulatory guidelines.

Such services in question include, but are not limited to reception, transmission and execution of orders on behalf of other persons, dealers on own account, portfolio management, investment advice, custodian or nominee services,” the SEC states.

While this seems to apply to crypto exchanges, crypto-based startups, and even individuals running their own exchange service within Nigeria, the Commission states that it might require foreign or non-resident startups or companies to establish a branch in Nigeria.

Foreign companies will be recognized if they belong to a country that either has a reciprocal agreement with Nigeria or is a member of the International Organization of Securities Commissions (IOSCO).

Categories Of virtual assets/instruments To Be Regulated By SEC Nigeria

S/N VIRTUAL DIGITAL ASSET TREATMENT
1. Crypto Asset- e.g non fiat virtual currency.

 

Treated as commodities if traded on a Recognized Investment Exchange and/or issued as an investment, and is subject to Part E of SEC Rules and Regulations and any other relevant sections and subsequent Rules which will be enacted in future
2. Utility Tokens or “Non-Security Tokens”
(e.g., virtual tokens. These tokens simply provide users with a product
and/or service.
Treated as commodities. However, spot
trading and transactions in Utility Tokens do not fall under SEC purview
unless conducted on a Recognized Investment Exchange and therefore subject to
Part E of SEC Rules and Regulations and any other relevant sections and
subsequent Rules which will be enacted in future
3. Security Tokens” (e.g., virtual tokens that
have the features and characteristics of a security. Represent assets such as
participations in real physical underlyings, companies, or earnings streams,
or an entitlement to dividends or interest payments. In terms of their
economic function, the tokens are analogous to equities, bonds, etc.
Deemed to be Securities pursuant to PART
XVIII (315) of ISA, “definition of Securities’’. All financial services
activities in relation to Security Tokens, such as operating primary /
secondary markets, dealing / trading / managing investments in or advising on
Security Tokens, will be subject to the relevant regulatory requirements.
Market intermediaries and market operators dealing or managing investments in
Security Tokens need to be registered / approved by SEC as   CMOs, Recognized
Investment Exchanges or Recognized Clearing Houses, as applicable.
4. Derivatives and Collective Investment Funds
of Crypto Assets, Security Tokens and Utility Tokens
Regulated as Specified Investments under the
ISA & SEC Rules and Regulations. Market intermediaries and market
operators dealing in such Derivatives and Collective Investment Funds will
need to be registered/approved by SEC.

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What is Cryptocurrency And How Does It Work? 

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Obiex finance website

Cryptocurrencies are decentralized digital assets that operate on blockchain technology that in turn operates by storing a ledger of every transaction on all nodes powering the blockchain. 

In layman’s terms, blockchain technology is like a record keeper, it collects data (in blocks) and links one block of data to another, forming a chain. The data on the blockchain is open for all to see and cannot be easily altered. Blockchain technology can be used for a variety of use cases besides cryptocurrency, ranging from voting to crowdfunding, keeping health records, etc.

Using Bitcoin as an example, nodes are computers connected to the network to mine Bitcoin,  – this collection of independent nodes working together is what makes the network decentralized.

The decentralized nature of cryptocurrency is down to the creators recognizing flaws in traditional banking & financial systems like governments and financial institutions acting only in their best interests and not in the best interest of the common man, leading Satoshi Nakamoto (the creator of bitcoin and blockchain technology) to take steps to rectify that.

Related: What are NFTs?

To make cryptocurrency transactions, you will need to have a set of both public and private keys that will act as passwords protecting your crypto wallet. 

The Public key is connected to your wallet address, allowing you to share the address with others to receive cryptocurrency, while the private key is known to only you and is what you will use to approve outgoing crypto transactions from your wallet. 

Trading Cryptocurrency on Obiex

Obiex finance website

With the popularity of cryptocurrency trading currently at an all-time high, the biggest challenge for many rookie traders is selecting which cryptocurrency exchange to trade on.

If you fall in this category, the immediate priority should be finding an exchange that allows rookie traders to make trades easily, doesn’t charge extra fees and is completely secure. That exchange is Obiex Finance.

In this guide, you will be shown how to navigate the Obiex mobile app & website easily and what to do to get started with making cryptocurrency trades. 

Getting started with Obiex Finance 

Obiex Finance is a digital asset exchange and financial technology (Fintech) platform that gives its users the ability to easily execute cryptocurrency trades from anywhere regardless of their skill level.

Their commitment to ensuring that users get the best experience is shown in how they allow instant swaps from volatile coins like Bitcoin to stable coins like USDT, and vice versa, without confirmations. In a market where the value of crypto can fluctuate wildly, this feature is especially valuable as it allows users to seamlessly switch between making profits to saving those profits in a more stable currency before the value drops.  

To create an Obiex Finance account, simply head over to their homepage, click on “sign up”, fill in the required fields and verify your email address. After that, create wallet addresses for your crypto assets and you’re ready to start trading!

The cryptocurrency available for trading on the Obiex Finance platform are: Bitcoin (BTC), Ethereum (ETH), Binance Coin (BNB), Polygon (MATIC), Dogecoin (DOGE), Tether (USDT), Binance USD (BUSD), and USD Coin (USDC).

Getting Started with Cryptocurrency trading

After creating your Obiex account, you need to follow these simple steps:

  1.     Have a Trading Strategy: Trading cryptocurrency without having a strategy in place is the easiest way to lose your money. You will need to research the various crypto trading strategies thoroughly and choose the one that best suits your needs and temperament. For example, if you’re a patient person who is content to make smaller, safer trades over a long period of time instead of making riskier trades, then scalp trading is the best trading strategy for you. There are also other crypto trading strategies such as Swing trading, position trading, Arbitrage, dollar cost averaging etc.
  2.     Pick the cryptocurrency you’d like to trade: There are several cryptocurrencies available on Obiex Finance such as Bitcoin, Ethereum, Binance Coin, Tether etc. Selecting which cryptocurrency to trade is usually down to making a choice; whether to stick with the safer, more established cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin or to go with the more volatile coins that have a high upside and an equally high-risk factor like the Dogecoin which can move in either direction based on what Elon Musk tweets.

It is also important to note that when you pick a cryptocurrency to trade, it would be wise to ensure that the cryptocurrency matches the strategy you pick. For example, if your preferred strategy is patient scalp trading, then investing in volatile coins that have a high upside but carry a lot of risk is not the wisest move. 

To swap crypto on Obiex Finance, add the wallet of crypto assets you’d like to swap, send the crypto to the wallet you just created, navigate to the ‘swap’ option on your dashboard, and select the coins you’d like to swap. You will receive the swapped coin in your wallet balance immediately without waiting for network confirmations.

  1.     Securely store your cryptocurrency: The same way you’d protect your goods and profits if you had a physical store is the same way you need to protect your cryptocurrency so it doesn’t fall into the wrong hands.

You can store your crypto securely on your Obiex wallet but if you want an alternative, physical wallets are also an option. Physical wallets allow you to store your crypto in secure hardware, offline storage device reducing the likelihood of online hackers stealing your hard-earned crypto. This is a list of reliable physical wallets you can use.

Conclusion

If you’re a newbie to crypto trading, the keyword is patience. Taking the time to properly understand the market before making trades will stand you in good stead. While risks occasionally pay off, a patient, long-term strategy is required to make consistent profits. For more information about trading as a newbie, you can check this out to understand unfamiliar crypto terms and to learn more about spot trading and futures.

Obiex Frequently Asked Questions | Obiex FAQs

  • Will I be charged a fee when I swap coins on Obiex? 

No you won’t. While other crypto exchanges charge for trades and require confirmations to execute swaps, Obiex allows you to make free, instantaneous swaps without the delay that comes with waiting for confirmation. This also helps you avoid unnecessary losses.

  • Can I trade crypto on Obiex if I don’t know much about crypto? 

Yes, you can! The Obiex Finance platform allows both rookie and experienced traders to make easy, safe trades regardless of trading experience.

  • Can I send and receive crypto easily?  

Yes, you can. To send crypto, you will use your private key to execute outgoing trades and your public key/your wallet address to receive incoming trades. You can also send and receive crypto using just Obiex usernames.

  • Why do I need to swap coins? 

Swapping coins allows you to either acquire a coin you think is (currently) more valuable than a coin you have a lot of. You can also use swaps to ensure that your funds are invested in a more secure coin like USDT if you feel the volatile coin you’re holding is about to go on a bear run and lose value.

  • Do I get a referral bonus when I invite friends to use Obiex? 

Yes, Obiex has a referral campaign that rewards users that invite their friends and family to trade the minimum of $10 on Obiex.

 

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