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How To Start Layers Poultry Farming In Nigeria: See Important Guidelines

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How To Start Layers Poultry Farming In Nigeria: See Important Guidelines

Layers poultry farming in Nigeria is a business investment that has been making lots of Nigerians rich over the years. The good thing about investing your money in the agricultural sector; be it rice production, cattle rearing, snail farming, quail farming etc, is that you are certain of profits. This is dependent on you following the right guidelines as written here for you. Poultry farming involves the rearing of different domestic birds like turkeys, chickens, quails, ducks etc. Our attention will be on chickens, specifically layers.

Layers poultry farming in Nigeria is the raising of egg laying poultry birds in Nigeria for the purpose of commercial egg production. These layers need to be raised from day one to the time they start laying eggs. Layers poultry farming in Nigeria has been very lucrative and one of the reasons is the general acceptance of eggs across the length and breadth of Nigeria. The layers start laying eggs when they are between 18-19 weeks old. This article will help you with answers to questions like;

  • The cost rearing 100 layers in Nigeria
  • Cost of raising 500 layers in Nigeria
  • How to start layer poultry farm
  • Layer poultry farming cost
  • How many eggs does a layers chicken lay per day
  • Proposal for poultry farming in Nigeria
  • Breeds of layers in Nigeria

Depending on the size of your farm, layers poultry farming in Nigeria can be used as either your main source of income or a secondary income.

Also Read: How To Start Very Profitable Poultry Farming In Nigeria

Why Layers Poultry Farming In Nigeria

Of all the aspects of poultry farming in Nigeria, you might be asking the question; why did we choose layers poultry farming in Nigeria. I will be giving you some reasons, but you are going to see, more for yourself as you continue to reading. Some of the reasons we chose layers poultry farming in Nigeria include:

  • General Acceptability Of Eggs

The high rate of consumption of eggs is second to none in Nigeria. Across Nigeria, there is no religion or ethnic group that does not consume eggs. If you invest your money in layers poultry farming in Nigeria, the market to sell your product is always readily available. Not just that the market is available, it is also ever growing.

  • High Productivity Of Layers

If you take good care of the chickens as well as manage them very well, their productivity will be very high. This automatically increases your profit margin. For example, if these layers lay an average of 3-4 eggs in 7 days and you have 1000 birds in your farm. That is a total of 12,000- 16, 000 eggs in 30 days. A crate of egg in Nigeria costs an average of N 1, 500. Therefore, in 30 days, you will be making between N 500,000 – N 665, 000. Very few businesses in Nigeria guarantee you such an amount. Layers poultry farming in Nigeria is undoubtedly very lucrative and profitable.

  • Nutritional Value Of Eggs

Eggs have high nutritional value to the body. It is a cheap source of high quality protein both for children and adults. The egg white is also a rich source of Vitamin B12, Zinc, Iron, etc. Some eggs contain omega-3 acids as a result of the feed the layers were fed in the process. This also shows you that layers poultry farming in Nigeria is a good business opportunity.

  • The Layers Can Also Serve As Meat

There will come the time when the birds will become old and its potential to lay egg decreases greatly, this point; you can sell off the bird for meat consumption in the market. So, you see that aside from the eggs, you can also make money by selling old birds that no longer lay egg.

You will definitely agree with me that investing your money in layers poultry farming in Nigeria is too profitable and lucrative to ignore. Egg is among the most consumed food item in Nigeria, engaging in layer poultry farming is one opportunity you must never allow to pass you by.

In this business, there is hardly enough competition because no matter the number of persons rearing layer birds for egg production there is always a higher number of people in demand of the product. As a potential layer poultry farmer in Nigeria, always have in mind that you are setting up a commercial layers poultry farming business. Don’t go into the business just to produce what you and your family will consume. You have to dream big in order to win big in the business.

Also Related: How To Start Grasscutter Farming Business In Nigeria

To achieve the aforementioned goal, you have to make use of modern methods, employ the services of a veterinarian, and take proper care of your birds by using the recommended drugs.

For all the needed steps to succeed in your layers poultry farming in Nigeria, this article will tell you all that you need to know.

How To Set Up Your Layers Poultry Farming In Nigeria

In order to succeed in your layers poultry farm in Nigeria, there are lots of things that you need to put in place. Those very important things are what you will be seeing below. You must take note to have all these things in place if you wish to do well in the business. These requirements include:

  1. You Must Make A Good Research

You don’t just wake up one morning and start layers poultry farming in Nigeria. There is a need for you to make some research about the business. This research allows you to know the kind of business you are getting into and how to succeed in it. You must be able to know the answers to the following questions:

  • The cost of feeding layers in Nigeria
  • Breeds of layers in Nigeria
  • How much does it cost to start a poultry farm in Nigeria
  • Layer poultry farming cost
  • How to start layer poultry farm in Nigeria

Having this information will greatly improve your chances of being successful in layers poultry farming in Nigeria.

  1. Have A Detailed Business Plan

Truth be told, there is no business that really grows without a well detailed business plan. Your business plan serves as a road-map for you in the course of your business. The business plan must contain the type of business you are doing, the scale of the business ( large or  small), the breed of the layers you will be rearing, the amount of money that you will invest into the business, your market strategy.

Aside from serving as a guide for you, you can also use the business plan to seek for loan from individuals or financial institutions in the country. Your layers poultry farming in Nigeria must have s good business plan if it must succeed.

  1. Select A Good Location To Build Your Poultry House

After the successful completion of your business plan, you have to choose a location to set up your farm. The location that you choose has to be readily accessible for easy transportation of eggs, feeds, and/or equipment. It is always advisable that you look for a location in the rural area in order to reduce the cost of starting your layers poultry farming in Nigeria. Your poultry farm location is very important as well. The location should not be close to residential areas so that people will not complain of air pollution.

  1. How To Construct Your Layer Poultry House

You will have to employ the services of someone who knows the best way to construct the pen house for your layer birds. The house must have enough ventilation, easy to clean and most importantly very comfortable for the birds. There must also be a sufficient light that will be entering the building. The pens must also be built to prevent predators like snakes, rats etc from entering the building. If you fail to construct a comfortable pen house for your layers, they will be under great pressure. This can hinder their optimum productivity which in turn lowers you profit margin.

  1. The Type Of Housing

For your layers poultry farming in Nigeria, there are different housing systems, each with its own advantage and disadvantage. These housing systems include:

  • Battery Cage System

This is an expensive but organized system of housing for poultry birds. Here, the birds are kept in different cages with separate water and feed. The advantage of this system of housing is that it helps you to manage disease outbreak in the farm.

  • Deep Litter System

Here, you simply cover the concrete floor with saw dust and put your layer birds into the open hall. It is cheap to build but very difficult to manage any disease outbreak in it.

  1. Layer Breed Selection

Before you select the particular breed of layers for your layers poultry farming in Nigeria, you have to be aware of this essential information. The breed that your hose must be suitable for your poultry farming business and has the potential and ability to produce very well in your environment. In order to select the best breed for your layer poultry farming, you must consider the information listed below:

  • All breeds of layers do not produce same number of eggs
  • You must choose a breed with high production capability
  • Always buy healthy chicks from a reputable hatchery so as to get maximum productivity

The breeds are in two categories, those that lay white egg and the one that lay brown eggs. Depending on the ones that you want, the different breeds are seen below.

The breeds that lay brown eggs are:

  • Hi Sex Brown
  • Server 579
  • Harvard Brown
  • Lehman Brown
  • Gold Line etc

The breeds that lay white eggs are:

  • Isa White
  • Harvard White
  • Server White
  • Hi Sex Whit
  • Lehman White etc
  1. Brooding And Caring For Your Chicks

Layers poultry farming in Nigeria

Brooding is the process of incubating and caring for the chicks from day one. This brooding helps to lower high mortality and provides good growth for the chicks. It is done in two different ways.

  • Natural Brooding

Here, the mother hen provides the warmth by covering the chicks.

  • Artificial Brooding

This is the process of providing warmth artificially to the chicks in the absence of the mother hen. Artificial brooding is highly recommended since you are starting a commercial layers poultry farming in Nigeria.

8. Feeding And Medication

For the feeds, you can buy from your local market or produce the feed by yourself since you are looking at commercial layers poultry farming in Nigeria. Protein and minerals are highly needed by layers for optimal production.  You must serve the feeds 2-3 times a day till they are 18 weeks of age. It is very important that you note that the birds demand and require more food once they start laying eggs. You must not decrease or suspend feeding them simply because they increased in weight.

Vaccination program is very important and necessary for chicks so as to keep them from different kinds of diseases and infections. Without vaccination or proper medication, your chicks will never survive to the age of laying eggs. So, if you decide to joke with the medication of your chicks, you are certainly going to go out of business sooner than you can imagine.

How To Market And Sell Your Eggs

This is another important aspect of layers poultry farming in Nigeria. If you don’t prepare and plan how to sell and market the eggs, they will be in your farm forever. Once start your layers poultry farm, start planning on how to market your eggs, although the marketing strategy will be contained in your business plan in the first place.

You have to pick your eggs and arrange them properly in crates for your customers. Your customers range from hotels, supermarkets, kiosks, stores etc.

There is never any business that succeeds without hard work, so you really have to be equal to the task in order to succeed in this layers poultry farming in Nigeria.

ATTENTION…

Like we said above, there is no business that succeeds without a well detailed and structured business plan. At entrepreneur.com, we offer professional business plan services. With the business plan that we provide, you can seek for loans with it and be guaranteed of positive result. The business plan will be available in less than 2 weeks from the day of request. For your well detailed business plan, contact us on +2347037281050

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Agriculture

How To Start Lucrative Chia Business in 2021

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Chia seeds which is the bedrock of Chia Business are edible seeds grown as food in many countries of the world. Slowly gaining momentum in Africa, chia seeds consumption is presently valued at about 400 million Naira and is projected to be valued at 600 million Naira before the year 2025. Chia seeds are becoming more popular as many people have begun to massively use it as a substitute for meat-based protein.

Meet Chia Seed: The Bedrock of Chia Business

Chia Business centres on the cultivation and marketing of Chia seeds. Chia seeds are of the mint family of lamiusee with dark green, thick and wrangled leaves. Each plant has flowers with two lips containing 13 seeds. Chia seed is mostly consumed by vegetarians who opt for plant-based proteins.

Chia seeds grow in tropical environments requiring a minimum temperature of 11 degrees Celsius and maximum of 36 degrees Celsius to be fully matured. Chia Seed Farming is a lucrative business. If you have the wherewithal to cultivate and market it, you can make tons of money for you within the stipulated business cycle.

Start Lucrative Chia Business

The Market value of Chia Business

Chia business is lucrative to do because it avails the investor the following business opportunities:

1) Can Be Eaten as Food:

Chia seeds can be sold to consumers for food. Chia seeds have a wide range of applications in meals: they can be added to smoothies, yoghurts, parfaits, salads, milkshakes and even cereals.

2) It Can Be Sold For Money:

Chia seeds are very expensive and could go as high as N6000 per bag. Chia seeds can be cultivated and sold for profit.

The Health Benefits of Chia Seeds

Chia seeds sell well because of its health and nutritional benefits. Hence, people buy Chia seeds irrespective of the cost because:

  • Chia seeds help relieve constipation.
  • Contain calcium and manganese which improve bone and oral health.
  • Fights osteoporosis.
  • Chia seeds are excellent sources of protein.
  • They are super healthy proteins as they do not contain cholesterol.
  • Fights insulin and stabilizes blood sugar.
  • They contain anti-oxidants which prevent the production of free radicals – cancer causing agents.
  • They’re gluten free and can be eaten raw.

Steps to start a Lucrative Chia Business in 2021

To proceed to cultivate and market Chia seeds on a commercial scale, please consider the following:

1) Get enough funds:

Chia seeds are expensive to buy. Setting aside an investment for it will pay hugely in the long run. It is important to have a business plan that will enable you access funds from financial institutions. If you don’t want corporate funding for the business, you may consider getting funds from family, friends, and acquaintances. However you source funds, endure that the capital you have is enough to start and run this business successfully.

2) Choose the right soil:

Chia seeds thrive on fertile soils. Hence the land you buy or rent for plating this crop should have sufficient clay and loamy. Avoid malnourished and sandy soils. Instead, choose a soil that can retain a good amount of moisture. Plant your chia seeds in well drained soils.

3) Cultivate the Crops:

Chia seeds require soil preparation by disruption and loosening. After properly tilling the soil, create trenches in a row of 2cm, broadcast the seeds and cover the soil. When you notice weeds, remove them immediately.

4) Harvest:

Chia seeds are harvested after the flowers have fallen off. You have to hand pick and spread them to dry.

Conclusion

Starting lucrative chia business specifically Chia seed business in 2021 has attendant challenges such as high cost of seeds, seemingly complicated nurturing process, crop management, and the challenge of the harvesting of chia seeds by hand.

However, with the right capital and viable farm management practices the business can be done with much success and less stress. Employing excellent marketing strategies can help the business grow into a highly lucrative and profitable enterprise or company.

Chia seed already has a wide market demand, employ the best strategies, sell off your seeds, and make your profits.

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Agriculture

How to Start a Lucrative Cabbage Business in Nigeria.

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Cabbage business is fast becoming one of the most lucrative vegetable businesses in Nigeria because of its popularity as a major ingredient for preparing salads. Salads are majorly served in ceremonies and festive seasons. If you start and effectively manage a lucrative Cabbage business in Nigeria, you could be reaping returns in millions of naira weekly.

In starting a lucrative cabbage business in Nigeria, you must have a farm to cultivate cabbages. Cabbages thrive in a cool and moist environment. The crop is not resistant to drought. This means that you should plant your Cabbage seeds during its favourable season which is the rainy season when the weather is till cool enough for it to sprout and grow to maturity.

In getting your Cabbage seeds to plant, please go for high quality seeds which are resistant to pests and diseases. The hybrid variant cabbage seed is of a high quality and can resist pests and diseases. This is the breed of Cabbage seed you should plant if you desire good returns on your investment.

Steps to Start Cabbage Business in Nigeria and Profit From It

Stage 1: The Pre Planting Stage

It is advisable to plant cabbage seeds in a nursery 4 to 6 weeks before transferring the crop to the main farm. While the seeds are being raised in the nursery, use this time to prepare the farm for planting the crops. This involves weeding, tillage, making of ridges or molds where the Cabbage seedlings will be planted. This is all about the pre-planting stage.

Stage 2: The Planting Stage

To ensure bountiful harvest, it is important to note the following while planting your Cabbage:

1) Dig a hole of about three centimeters deep, insert two seeds and cover the hole.

2) Give a space of 45 centimeters between each plant. The spacing should be done depending on the variety of seedling you are planting.

3) Ensure that the P.H of the soil is between 6.5 and 7.5.

4) Always ensure that your cabbage farm is well-irrigated. Avoid areas prone to drought as much as possible. If there will be drought, make arrangement for alterative water sources with which you will irrigate the farm like a borehole or well. Regularly irrigate (practice drip irrigation) and mulch your farm to provide enough water in the farm for the crop and prevent excessive loss of soil water due to evaporation of water from the soil.

Cabbage Business in Nigeria.

5) During the development stages of your cabbage plant, apply manure regularly to provide your crops with the nutrients needed for their healthy growth. When preparing the soil for planting, it is advisable to be heavy-handed with manure. That is to say you apply sufficient manure to the farmland while preparing it for planting the crop.

6) It’s important to control pests such as maggots, cabbage, and worms n your cabbage farm. For this reason, only use the hybrid variant of the seed which is resistant to plant pests.

Stage 3: The Harvesting Stage

Harvest your cabbage only when they have fully matured to ensure a longer storage (or shelf) life. Depending on when you plant, your cabbage should be fully matured in about 3 to 5 months.

After harvesting your cabbage, you are set to sell the product. Go to the market and sell to the vendors there. You can also sell off to the Hausa stores in your community. Get contacts of restaurants and caterers, healthy juice entrepreneurs and offer to be their vendor.

Conclusion

Cabbage farming is highly lucrative in Nigeria; not many people have ventured into the business when compared to the market demand of the product. Cabbage farming is encouraged because aside it being lucrative, it doesn’t require heavy capital. So, if you want to go into Cabbage business in Nigeria, I really encourage you to do so.

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Agriculture

How To Start Palm Oil Business In Nigeria

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Palm oil business in Nigeria is wide and almost all aspects of it is profitable. Palm oil is extracted from oil palm fruits. It is an edible liquid extract gotten from palm fruits of a palm tree using an extraction process. Palm oil is used for many things and generally, in the Nigeria food industry, Palm oil is commonly used to prepare traditional soups in Nigeria. Almost all tribes in Nigeria consume palm oil which makes it a “must have” agricultural product in every home.

Palm oil is used to prepare almost all the traditional soups that we have in Nigeria like Egusi, efo riro, ugwu soup, bitter leaf soup, edika nkong and so on. The product is highly recommended by nutritionist due to its nutritional benefits; it contains vitamins, minerals and low in cholesterol which is makes it good for the heart. Besides its usefulness in food, Palm oil is used for many other things like the ones listed below.

Other Benefits/Uses of Palm Oil:

  • It is commonly used to prepare soap for bathing and washing.
  • It serves as an antidote for poison.
  • It is used to produce animal diets.
  • It serves as food preservatives.
  • It is used to prepare some local cosmetics.
  • It is used in the treatment of skin allergy, boil, cough, etc.

Palm Oil Business In Nigeria – An Overview

Oil palm business in Nigeria started as far back as 1900 in the Niger delta region of the country. It is regarded as one of the major products besides cocoa for exportation in Nigeria and hence served as a source of foreign exchange until 1999 when there was sudden decrease in oil palm production business in Nigeria. This was due to abandonment of the agriculture industry in Nigeria.

In 2003, an increase in oil palm production business was observed across the country due to a restructuring of the agriculture industry in Nigeria by the then government. This brought back the popularity of oil palm business in the country. In Nigeria, oil palm business is considered lucrative because of its wide both either domestically in homes and in several industries across the country. Till date, a substantial quantity of the product is still being exported from the country to many parts of the world.

How To Start Palm Oil Business In Nigeria

How To Start Palm Oil Business In Nigeria

How To Start Palm Oil Business In Nigeria

Starting palm oil business in Nigeria is quite simple but also tasking. This is because it requires a proper and comprehensive market survey to be done before embarking on the business. This article shares extensively how to start a palm oil business in Nigeria.

Steps Involved In Starting Palm Oil Business In Nigeria

1) Get A Working Business Plan

A good business plan is required for a palm oil business which will include total budget for the business and market survey report. A good market survey is compulsory and important in this business. This involves many things but basically it involved consulting an experienced palm oil entrepreneur to know the ins and outs of the business.

For example, as a potential palm oil entrepreneur, you must know the different types and breeds of palm trees and the quality of palm oil that they produce. Also, it is required that you have an idea of palm oil nursery, nursery practices, and planting practices especially if you wish to go into the oil palm raising business and not just the sales/distribution of palm oil. You must also know the storage practices, palm oil processing, palm oil market trend, prices, competitors, available customers, regulatory bodies and taxes.

You will not be able to know these without adequate market research. So, ensure that you carry out subatsntive market research/survey on palm oil business and document the report in you palm oil business plan.

2) Get The Required Start Up Capital

A startup capital can be sourced from personal savings, cooperative loans, Bank of Industry in Nigeria (BIN), Bank of Agriculture in Nigeria (BoA), and other government empowerment programs.  Feel free to write the banks involved, if your proposal is well structured; it can yield a positive result.

Generally, your startup capital must cover the following cost:

i) A Land (Purchased or rented):

A land will be needed for the oil palm plantation. So, you must get the required capital to get the size of the land you need for this business. Of course, the size of land would depend on the number of palm trees you want to start with, that is if you want to go into oil palm plantation business and not palm oil marketing.

 ii) Palm Tree Seedlings:

Again, you need this if you are not interested in just buying and selling of palm oil but rather oil palm plantation. In this case, you will have to first consult an agriculturist, a crop scientist or an experienced oil palm farmer to give you the best seedlings to plant. This is very important because a technical know-how is required when choosing a seedling for oil palm plantation else you mess the whole business up! It is advisable to start with hybrid palm tree seedlings because they mature faster and produce fruits earlier than the local palm trees. In fact, some species of the hybrid palm trees start fruiting within 3 months of planting.

iii) Get The Machines For Processing:

This includes milling and extracting equipment. Aside from using it to mill and process oil for your business, it can help to generate income for the business. In addition, people can come to mill and extract palm oil using your machine and you will make extra money from this.

iv) Get A Good Water Source:

A good water source is important and this would be either a borehole or well. Yes, if sinking a borehole is costly, you can simply dig a well; it will serve the same purpose as a borehole. Water is used during milling and extraction of palm oil. Again, you need this process if you want to go into oil palm plantation business.

3) Labour:

You will definitely need to hire people to help out during each stage of the oil palm business, from land cultivation to sales of products. You can start with contract staff where they work for a certain period, when needed at different stages and they get paid for the work they do and leave.

4) Products Packaging:

This depends on how you want your product to be packaged either in sealed disposable nylon bags or kegs (different liters). However you choose to package your product, don’t forget to label them properly using your company/business logo and emblems which will include your business name, address and other necessary information. This serves the purpose of identification and marketing.

5) Business Registration:

Any business that wants to be trusted in Nigeria and stand the test of time must be registered, hence, you must register your business. The Cooperate Affairs Commission (CAS) in Nigeria is the body set aside by the government to register businesses, companies, and allied bodies in Nigeria. For you to become a certified business owner in Nigeria, you must register your palm oil business with the CAC. Recently, the processes only take few weeks.

6) Means Of Storage:

Palm oil is generally stored in drums or tight containers. Make sure the place for storage is cool and dry; don’t store where it is exposed to sunlight.

7) Means Of Transportation:

As a startup entrepreneur, you can register with small scale logistics companies and they will help with the delivery of the business. Using them makes delivery to customers safer, and faster and best of all is relatively cheap and reliable.

8) Advertise And Digitalize:

In this era of digital and hybrid advertisements, make yourself available online, post online about your business, speak to people, and display your products online. Also, to make purchases easier, take your digitalization game to another level by using an online payment processor like Paystack, Flutterwave, etc. to receive payments.

You might also consider registering with online listing platforms and e-shopping stores like, JiJi, Jumia, Shopify, Oberlo, and so on to sell your product. This will go a long way in broadcasting your business and bringing a lot of returns in the short and long term.

Peradventure you don’t have enough capital to start an oil palm plantation, which is not a good reason not to start with what you have. It’s simple! Just research and speak to oil palm suppliers closer to you. Buy from them, repackage into more attractive containers and sell.

Conclusively, doing oil palm business in Nigeria is one of the best decisions you will ever make, if well planned. This article will serve as a template for any aspiring/potential oil palm entrepreneur. Remember all businesses require hard work, perseverance, dedication and optimism. In all, I wish you the best of luck!

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