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How To Start Cassava Farming Business In Nigeria

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How To Start Cassava Farming Business In Nigeria

Ever since the need for cassava products began increasing, much patronage for cassava farming business has been witnessed in the last decade. Cassava products are in no way new to the average Nigerian or Nigerian market, as almost every Nigerian home consumes any of its many products in a day.

If you don’t eat cassava Garri, you eat it as wheat-flour, or cassava bread, commercial caramel or use it as animal feed. So, the economic advantage of cassava farming business can, therefore, be exaggerated – it is clear for anyone with business hindsight to see. Get up and start making money from it like me!

Read Also: 7 Golden Steps to Starting a Profitable Fumigation Business

Why You Should Embrace Cassava Farming Business In Nigeria

As the Nigeria nation, nay African continent continues to expand, the demand for cassava products also keeps increasing at an encouraging rate. In the process, more revenues are generated by cassava farmers and operators of cassava farming business.

Cassava products, as I earlier hinted has multifarious usefulness. As a cash crop that’s sold out immediately after harvest, going into its trade gives the would-be farmer or investor the hope that the intended investment will not be a waste of time and other useful resources.

how-to-start-a-cassava-farm-in-nigeria

But then, patronage in cassava farming business seems to drop on a daily basis due to lack of capital. This is not only specific to cassava farming business but most other businesses. Why it is a cardinal factor in cassava farming business is due to the fact that in order to obtain a good Return On Investment, ROI, the farmer or investor must plant a large acre of cassava farm. Of course one needs a high-level capital to achieve this.

Read Also: An Expertise Guide on Iron and Steel Business in Nigeria

Government Interventions

Just recently, however, in its bid to upturn the present economic recession in Nigeria, the federal government through the Bank of Agriculture (BOA) launched an agriculture loan program for hundreds of thousands of active and potential farmers. This is intended to enable them to scale through the challenges of capital et. al.

So, as you’re planning towards starting a cassava farming business in Nigeria, avail yourself of this great opportunity by taking up the government’s agricultural loan too. Invest it in cassava farming, which for now, is one of the highly rewarding farming businesses you can start today with maximum, regular returns on investment

Practical Steps In Starting A Cassava Farming Business In Nigeria

Read Also: A Standard Blueprint on Kerosene Business In Nigeria

Let us proceed to practical steps in starting a cassava farming business in Nigeria.

They include:

 1). Get A Good Site for Your Cassava Farm

When canvassing for a site to start your cassava farm, choose an area rich in deep well-drained loamy soil, and possessing warm & moist climatic conditions and adequate rainfall. These are the best areas where cassava grows in. here are some key point to guide you in the site selection process

  1. The topography of the land, whether or not it is gently sloping or flat.
  2. The soil texture is of the land is good,
  3. There is a thick vegetation around the land,
  4.  Get the indigenes to get the richness of the soil for you before you purchase it. Also get food scientists to also help you confirm that.
  5.  Choosing the appropriate location to establish your cassava farm is of utmost importance.

2). Improve and Cultivate the Soil for Planting Your Cassava:

You may skip this step if the soil is good enough to cultivate your cassava crops. However, if the reverse is the case, then, you may have to invest a little (or much) amount of money to cultivate the soil. Some of the commonly adopted practices for soil improvement includes:

  1. Manuring of your soil,
  2. Preparation of quality seedbeds,
  3. Planting your cassava plants together with other crops, especially those rich in nitrogenous compounds.

It is required or advised that your soil should be highly fertile and ingredient-rich for cultivation else, you may lose a lot of money. Mistakes such as this should as much as possible, be avoided in all entirety.

The best, however, is to choose a good site for your cassava farm. This way, you would not have to go through the rigorous and time-eluding processes of soil improvements prior to planting your cassava stem cuttings.

Read Also: A Basic Guide To Goat Farming Business In Nigeria

3). Select The Best Cassava Variety To Plant:

There are a wide selection of cassava breeds that you can grow. In any case, the best breeds to cultivate are the types that are widely accepted by your target market, gives great yields, grows quick, and are resistant to pests and diseases. The central point involved in selecting the correct cassava breed to grow are:

Varieties with abundant

  1. ground storage ability
  2. early sprouting and growth.
  3. cooking abilities
  4. food quality
  5. tolerance to weeds, pests and diseases.

Select the correct breed to run with. This will determine how successful your cassava farm will be. Once you grow what people are not interested in, you’d leave business faster than you imagined. Find out what the available buyers in the area are interested in, then grow those types of cassava crops.

4). Select Healthy Cassava Stem Cuttings:

Cassava crops are grown from Cassava stem cuttings. Choosing healthy stems is essential to growing rich cassava crops that your market would rapidly purchase. You can purchase cassava stem cuttings in town markets and villages.

After your initial purchase of the cassava stem cuttings, the best place to keep getting healthy cassava stem cuttings is from the ones you planted originally.

Planting healthy stem cuttings is important because they’d help you to greatly reduce the spread of cassava pests and diseases. When getting cassava stem cuttings, this is the best guide to take after:

  1. Find healthy cassava plants.
  2. Avoid cassava plants that have or have had a background marked by pest and diseases.

5). Plant the Cassava Right:

You need to consider the time of the year, the land tillage method etc. before you plant your cassava crop products. Other things include the seed bed type and the method of preparation. Also, know the handling and planting of the cassava stem cuttings. Planting the cassava within all the correct conditions will ensure you reap a healthy harvest. It will increase chances of good yields and would ensure you generally have the cassava harvests exactly when a lot of buyers need it.

Read Also: A Well-Detailed Guidelines On Starting a Granite Quarry Business in Nigeria

6). Setup and Production Cost:

Similarly, as some other new company, a great execution of your cassava farming business can make you a millionaire. You need to understand the perfect costing needs. This will ensure you’re not going to generate a negative cash stream. Here is a sample costing for setting up a cassava cultivate in Nigeria:

  1. Cassava Stem Cuttings: NGN 50,000 (For 100 bundles. Bundle price could change per location)
  2. Cost of Land Preparation: NGN 25,000 (subject to change)
  3. Estimated Cost of Land: NGN 75,000 (location dependent)
  4. Fermentation Tank: NGN 220,000
  5. Fertilizer NGN 25,000 (varies)
  6. Hammer Mill: NGN 700,000
  7. Water powered Press: NGN 280,000

Numerous other costs that’d run deep through the cassava farms are:

  1. carriage packs,
  2. cultivate maintenance,
  3. general employee salaries, others.
  4. harvesting work fees,
  5. insecticides,

Note: miscellaneous costs and expenditures have been left out. These, also, are rough estimates liable to alterations by market dynamics

Read Also: How to Start Creche Business in Nigeria

7). Market Your Cassava Products:

After growing and harvesting your cassava, the next step is to sell your product (harvest) to the right buyer and at acceptable market rates. Please make necessary market findings prior to sales, so that you don’t end up selling too cheap and cheat yourself or too costly and drive customers away

I am of the belief that this article has been helpful in exposing the nitty-gritty of starting a successful cassava farming business in Nigeria. Follow the guides here discussed and you will be on the way to constant income flows.

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Ekemini Ekpo is a professional writer, blogger, and internet marketer. He is passionate about engineering, business, investment, entrepreneurship, finance, and personal development. When he is not managing web projects, he handles academic research writing and data analysis for individuals and organizations.

Agriculture

How To Start Lucrative Chia Business in 2021

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Chia seeds which is the bedrock of Chia Business are edible seeds grown as food in many countries of the world. Slowly gaining momentum in Africa, chia seeds consumption is presently valued at about 400 million Naira and is projected to be valued at 600 million Naira before the year 2025. Chia seeds are becoming more popular as many people have begun to massively use it as a substitute for meat-based protein.

Meet Chia Seed: The Bedrock of Chia Business

Chia Business centres on the cultivation and marketing of Chia seeds. Chia seeds are of the mint family of lamiusee with dark green, thick and wrangled leaves. Each plant has flowers with two lips containing 13 seeds. Chia seed is mostly consumed by vegetarians who opt for plant-based proteins.

Chia seeds grow in tropical environments requiring a minimum temperature of 11 degrees Celsius and maximum of 36 degrees Celsius to be fully matured. Chia Seed Farming is a lucrative business. If you have the wherewithal to cultivate and market it, you can make tons of money for you within the stipulated business cycle.

Start Lucrative Chia Business

The Market value of Chia Business

Chia business is lucrative to do because it avails the investor the following business opportunities:

1) Can Be Eaten as Food:

Chia seeds can be sold to consumers for food. Chia seeds have a wide range of applications in meals: they can be added to smoothies, yoghurts, parfaits, salads, milkshakes and even cereals.

2) It Can Be Sold For Money:

Chia seeds are very expensive and could go as high as N6000 per bag. Chia seeds can be cultivated and sold for profit.

The Health Benefits of Chia Seeds

Chia seeds sell well because of its health and nutritional benefits. Hence, people buy Chia seeds irrespective of the cost because:

  • Chia seeds help relieve constipation.
  • Contain calcium and manganese which improve bone and oral health.
  • Fights osteoporosis.
  • Chia seeds are excellent sources of protein.
  • They are super healthy proteins as they do not contain cholesterol.
  • Fights insulin and stabilizes blood sugar.
  • They contain anti-oxidants which prevent the production of free radicals – cancer causing agents.
  • They’re gluten free and can be eaten raw.

Steps to start a Lucrative Chia Business in 2021

To proceed to cultivate and market Chia seeds on a commercial scale, please consider the following:

1) Get enough funds:

Chia seeds are expensive to buy. Setting aside an investment for it will pay hugely in the long run. It is important to have a business plan that will enable you access funds from financial institutions. If you don’t want corporate funding for the business, you may consider getting funds from family, friends, and acquaintances. However you source funds, endure that the capital you have is enough to start and run this business successfully.

2) Choose the right soil:

Chia seeds thrive on fertile soils. Hence the land you buy or rent for plating this crop should have sufficient clay and loamy. Avoid malnourished and sandy soils. Instead, choose a soil that can retain a good amount of moisture. Plant your chia seeds in well drained soils.

3) Cultivate the Crops:

Chia seeds require soil preparation by disruption and loosening. After properly tilling the soil, create trenches in a row of 2cm, broadcast the seeds and cover the soil. When you notice weeds, remove them immediately.

4) Harvest:

Chia seeds are harvested after the flowers have fallen off. You have to hand pick and spread them to dry.

Conclusion

Starting lucrative chia business specifically Chia seed business in 2021 has attendant challenges such as high cost of seeds, seemingly complicated nurturing process, crop management, and the challenge of the harvesting of chia seeds by hand.

However, with the right capital and viable farm management practices the business can be done with much success and less stress. Employing excellent marketing strategies can help the business grow into a highly lucrative and profitable enterprise or company.

Chia seed already has a wide market demand, employ the best strategies, sell off your seeds, and make your profits.

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Agriculture

How to Start a Lucrative Cabbage Business in Nigeria.

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Cabbage business is fast becoming one of the most lucrative vegetable businesses in Nigeria because of its popularity as a major ingredient for preparing salads. Salads are majorly served in ceremonies and festive seasons. If you start and effectively manage a lucrative Cabbage business in Nigeria, you could be reaping returns in millions of naira weekly.

In starting a lucrative cabbage business in Nigeria, you must have a farm to cultivate cabbages. Cabbages thrive in a cool and moist environment. The crop is not resistant to drought. This means that you should plant your Cabbage seeds during its favourable season which is the rainy season when the weather is till cool enough for it to sprout and grow to maturity.

In getting your Cabbage seeds to plant, please go for high quality seeds which are resistant to pests and diseases. The hybrid variant cabbage seed is of a high quality and can resist pests and diseases. This is the breed of Cabbage seed you should plant if you desire good returns on your investment.

Steps to Start Cabbage Business in Nigeria and Profit From It

Stage 1: The Pre Planting Stage

It is advisable to plant cabbage seeds in a nursery 4 to 6 weeks before transferring the crop to the main farm. While the seeds are being raised in the nursery, use this time to prepare the farm for planting the crops. This involves weeding, tillage, making of ridges or molds where the Cabbage seedlings will be planted. This is all about the pre-planting stage.

Stage 2: The Planting Stage

To ensure bountiful harvest, it is important to note the following while planting your Cabbage:

1) Dig a hole of about three centimeters deep, insert two seeds and cover the hole.

2) Give a space of 45 centimeters between each plant. The spacing should be done depending on the variety of seedling you are planting.

3) Ensure that the P.H of the soil is between 6.5 and 7.5.

4) Always ensure that your cabbage farm is well-irrigated. Avoid areas prone to drought as much as possible. If there will be drought, make arrangement for alterative water sources with which you will irrigate the farm like a borehole or well. Regularly irrigate (practice drip irrigation) and mulch your farm to provide enough water in the farm for the crop and prevent excessive loss of soil water due to evaporation of water from the soil.

Cabbage Business in Nigeria.

5) During the development stages of your cabbage plant, apply manure regularly to provide your crops with the nutrients needed for their healthy growth. When preparing the soil for planting, it is advisable to be heavy-handed with manure. That is to say you apply sufficient manure to the farmland while preparing it for planting the crop.

6) It’s important to control pests such as maggots, cabbage, and worms n your cabbage farm. For this reason, only use the hybrid variant of the seed which is resistant to plant pests.

Stage 3: The Harvesting Stage

Harvest your cabbage only when they have fully matured to ensure a longer storage (or shelf) life. Depending on when you plant, your cabbage should be fully matured in about 3 to 5 months.

After harvesting your cabbage, you are set to sell the product. Go to the market and sell to the vendors there. You can also sell off to the Hausa stores in your community. Get contacts of restaurants and caterers, healthy juice entrepreneurs and offer to be their vendor.

Conclusion

Cabbage farming is highly lucrative in Nigeria; not many people have ventured into the business when compared to the market demand of the product. Cabbage farming is encouraged because aside it being lucrative, it doesn’t require heavy capital. So, if you want to go into Cabbage business in Nigeria, I really encourage you to do so.

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Agriculture

How To Start Palm Oil Business In Nigeria

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Palm oil business in Nigeria is wide and almost all aspects of it is profitable. Palm oil is extracted from oil palm fruits. It is an edible liquid extract gotten from palm fruits of a palm tree using an extraction process. Palm oil is used for many things and generally, in the Nigeria food industry, Palm oil is commonly used to prepare traditional soups in Nigeria. Almost all tribes in Nigeria consume palm oil which makes it a “must have” agricultural product in every home.

Palm oil is used to prepare almost all the traditional soups that we have in Nigeria like Egusi, efo riro, ugwu soup, bitter leaf soup, edika nkong and so on. The product is highly recommended by nutritionist due to its nutritional benefits; it contains vitamins, minerals and low in cholesterol which is makes it good for the heart. Besides its usefulness in food, Palm oil is used for many other things like the ones listed below.

Other Benefits/Uses of Palm Oil:

  • It is commonly used to prepare soap for bathing and washing.
  • It serves as an antidote for poison.
  • It is used to produce animal diets.
  • It serves as food preservatives.
  • It is used to prepare some local cosmetics.
  • It is used in the treatment of skin allergy, boil, cough, etc.

Palm Oil Business In Nigeria – An Overview

Oil palm business in Nigeria started as far back as 1900 in the Niger delta region of the country. It is regarded as one of the major products besides cocoa for exportation in Nigeria and hence served as a source of foreign exchange until 1999 when there was sudden decrease in oil palm production business in Nigeria. This was due to abandonment of the agriculture industry in Nigeria.

In 2003, an increase in oil palm production business was observed across the country due to a restructuring of the agriculture industry in Nigeria by the then government. This brought back the popularity of oil palm business in the country. In Nigeria, oil palm business is considered lucrative because of its wide both either domestically in homes and in several industries across the country. Till date, a substantial quantity of the product is still being exported from the country to many parts of the world.

How To Start Palm Oil Business In Nigeria

How To Start Palm Oil Business In Nigeria

How To Start Palm Oil Business In Nigeria

Starting palm oil business in Nigeria is quite simple but also tasking. This is because it requires a proper and comprehensive market survey to be done before embarking on the business. This article shares extensively how to start a palm oil business in Nigeria.

Steps Involved In Starting Palm Oil Business In Nigeria

1) Get A Working Business Plan

A good business plan is required for a palm oil business which will include total budget for the business and market survey report. A good market survey is compulsory and important in this business. This involves many things but basically it involved consulting an experienced palm oil entrepreneur to know the ins and outs of the business.

For example, as a potential palm oil entrepreneur, you must know the different types and breeds of palm trees and the quality of palm oil that they produce. Also, it is required that you have an idea of palm oil nursery, nursery practices, and planting practices especially if you wish to go into the oil palm raising business and not just the sales/distribution of palm oil. You must also know the storage practices, palm oil processing, palm oil market trend, prices, competitors, available customers, regulatory bodies and taxes.

You will not be able to know these without adequate market research. So, ensure that you carry out subatsntive market research/survey on palm oil business and document the report in you palm oil business plan.

2) Get The Required Start Up Capital

A startup capital can be sourced from personal savings, cooperative loans, Bank of Industry in Nigeria (BIN), Bank of Agriculture in Nigeria (BoA), and other government empowerment programs.  Feel free to write the banks involved, if your proposal is well structured; it can yield a positive result.

Generally, your startup capital must cover the following cost:

i) A Land (Purchased or rented):

A land will be needed for the oil palm plantation. So, you must get the required capital to get the size of the land you need for this business. Of course, the size of land would depend on the number of palm trees you want to start with, that is if you want to go into oil palm plantation business and not palm oil marketing.

 ii) Palm Tree Seedlings:

Again, you need this if you are not interested in just buying and selling of palm oil but rather oil palm plantation. In this case, you will have to first consult an agriculturist, a crop scientist or an experienced oil palm farmer to give you the best seedlings to plant. This is very important because a technical know-how is required when choosing a seedling for oil palm plantation else you mess the whole business up! It is advisable to start with hybrid palm tree seedlings because they mature faster and produce fruits earlier than the local palm trees. In fact, some species of the hybrid palm trees start fruiting within 3 months of planting.

iii) Get The Machines For Processing:

This includes milling and extracting equipment. Aside from using it to mill and process oil for your business, it can help to generate income for the business. In addition, people can come to mill and extract palm oil using your machine and you will make extra money from this.

iv) Get A Good Water Source:

A good water source is important and this would be either a borehole or well. Yes, if sinking a borehole is costly, you can simply dig a well; it will serve the same purpose as a borehole. Water is used during milling and extraction of palm oil. Again, you need this process if you want to go into oil palm plantation business.

3) Labour:

You will definitely need to hire people to help out during each stage of the oil palm business, from land cultivation to sales of products. You can start with contract staff where they work for a certain period, when needed at different stages and they get paid for the work they do and leave.

4) Products Packaging:

This depends on how you want your product to be packaged either in sealed disposable nylon bags or kegs (different liters). However you choose to package your product, don’t forget to label them properly using your company/business logo and emblems which will include your business name, address and other necessary information. This serves the purpose of identification and marketing.

5) Business Registration:

Any business that wants to be trusted in Nigeria and stand the test of time must be registered, hence, you must register your business. The Cooperate Affairs Commission (CAS) in Nigeria is the body set aside by the government to register businesses, companies, and allied bodies in Nigeria. For you to become a certified business owner in Nigeria, you must register your palm oil business with the CAC. Recently, the processes only take few weeks.

6) Means Of Storage:

Palm oil is generally stored in drums or tight containers. Make sure the place for storage is cool and dry; don’t store where it is exposed to sunlight.

7) Means Of Transportation:

As a startup entrepreneur, you can register with small scale logistics companies and they will help with the delivery of the business. Using them makes delivery to customers safer, and faster and best of all is relatively cheap and reliable.

8) Advertise And Digitalize:

In this era of digital and hybrid advertisements, make yourself available online, post online about your business, speak to people, and display your products online. Also, to make purchases easier, take your digitalization game to another level by using an online payment processor like Paystack, Flutterwave, etc. to receive payments.

You might also consider registering with online listing platforms and e-shopping stores like, JiJi, Jumia, Shopify, Oberlo, and so on to sell your product. This will go a long way in broadcasting your business and bringing a lot of returns in the short and long term.

Peradventure you don’t have enough capital to start an oil palm plantation, which is not a good reason not to start with what you have. It’s simple! Just research and speak to oil palm suppliers closer to you. Buy from them, repackage into more attractive containers and sell.

Conclusively, doing oil palm business in Nigeria is one of the best decisions you will ever make, if well planned. This article will serve as a template for any aspiring/potential oil palm entrepreneur. Remember all businesses require hard work, perseverance, dedication and optimism. In all, I wish you the best of luck!

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